Poverty among Immigrant Youth in Israel
11% of the youth in Israel are immigrants from the former Sovet Union. According to the annual report of the Ministry of Absorption, the percentage of immigrant youth suspected of committing crimes is 37% of all youth in the country
Immigrant youth drink, smoke and use drugs more than other young people. Additionally, the percentage of immigrant youth who don't go to school is higher. One of the common reasons for this is violence – 23% of new immigrants don't go to school because they are afraid to becoming a victim of violence.
During the last five years, 117 youth have committed suicide in Israel, 21 of them were immigrants
New Initiative to Address Drug Use in Russia
The Russian government has decided to promote a new initiative to address drug abuse and the illegal drug trade after finding that its efforts during the last 10 years have been ineffective.
The goal of the new program is to have 16%-20% fewer drug addicts by 2010. This will be achieved by means of medical treatment and rehabilitation of the addicts as well as efforts to control the spread of illegal drug distribution and sales.
It has been reported that almost 6 million Russians use drugs.
Former Soviet Union Immigrants in New York City
Most of the Russian immigrants are educated and have a high level of English fluency; however, the number of unemployed Russian speaking immigrants is high - 7.7%; and, 8.2% receive government assistance. The average annual salary of immigrants from the former Soviet Union is about $25,000 compared to those from Japan who earn $40,000 and those from the Philippines who earn $30,000
Officially drugs kill 8,000 Russians yearly, unofficially 70,000
Eight thousand deaths were registered from illegal drug use in Russia last year, but unofficial estimates suggest total drug-related fatalities may be as high as 70,000 per year.
To slow AIDS in Russia, treat HIV-positive addicts, Stanford study says
The key to combating AIDS in Russia may be to treat HIV-infected drug users. A new model estimating the spread of HIV in Russia suggests that treating injection drug users with antiretroviral medication will slow transmission of the virus among the general population.
Estimates vary, but around 1 million Russians—slightly more than 1 percent of the adult population—are infected with HIV, the virus that causes AIDS. Injection drug users account for three-quarters of all HIV cases in Russia, and the epidemic is spreading rapidly to non-drug users. According to the United Nations, Russia’s HIV infection rate is among the fastest growing in the world. By 2020, HIV could afflict 14.5 million Russians, according to a study from the Woodrow Wilson Center in Washington, D.C.
According to the model, treating only HIV-infected drug users will prevent more infections among non-drug users than exclusively targeting the non-drug users. Injection drug users are likely to spread HIV through unprotected sex, so reducing their ability to spread the virus can significantly reduce the spread of HIV to the general population.
High Prevalence of Hepatitis C among Russian Immigrants in the New York City Metropolitan Area
A community-based HCV screening program found a high prevalence of HCV infection among Russian immigrants in the NY metropolitan area. It is likely that the use of inadequately sterilized medical equipment and blood transfusions were the primary modes of HCV transmission in this population. Given the high prevalence of HCV infection in Russian immigrants, universal HCV testing should be strongly considered in this population.
Alcohol Deaths Spark Debate in Russia
42,000 people die from counterfeit alcohol in Russia each year. Perfumes, aftershave, cleaning liquids and other fluids have been passed off by counterfeiters as vodka for decades, and have long been on the drinks list of Russia's more desperate alcoholics.
But recent poisonings have grabbed unusual attention in a nation where many are numb to the problem of alcoholism. The cases have dominated news reports and Cabinet meetings, fueling debate about a malaise that has helped lower Russia's average life expectancy rate to 66, 14 years shorter than the European Union average.